England has had its joint hottest summer on record, the Met Office says.
Provisional figures show the summer of 2022 – covering June, July and August – had an average temperature of 17.1C.
This year’s summer tied with 2018 for the warmest, according to records stretching back to 1884.
It means four of the five warmest summers on record have happened since 2003, as the effects of climate change are felt on the nation’s summer temperatures, the Met Office said.
This year’s summer included the record-breaking heat in July when temperatures in the UK exceeded 40C for the first time as part of a widespread heatwave.
Hot and dry conditions have dried up rivers, damaged crops and fuelled wildfires, as well as leaving much of England in drought. For both England and the UK as a whole, it has been the driest year so far since 1976, according to the UK meteorological service’s provisional data.
For England, 2022 has also seen the sixth driest summer since records began in 1836.